Sabatul saptamanal – timp sacru si binecuvantat

SABBATH
Biblically ordained day of rest that follows six days of normal activity, the Sabbath is characterized by the cessation of certain types of creative activity and labor. The *Bible gives two reasons for the obligation to observe the Sabbath: „For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth and sea, and all that is in them, and He rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and hallowed it” (Ex. 20:11). The second reason is found in *Deuteronomy (5:14 — 15): „. . . your male and female slave may rest as you do. Remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt and the Lord your God freed you from there with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God has commanded you to observe the sabbath day.” Thus, the Sabbath day of rest is based upon two fundamental principies. The observance of the Sabbath is a weekly acknowledgment of God as the Creator and acceptance of His authority. Secondly, the Sabbath is a reminder of
the slaves in * Egypt and the motivation for social responsiblity.
The Sabbath was sanctified by God at the time of *Creation. According to tradition, the *patriarchs also observed the Sabbath (prior to the giving of biblical legislation) and the children of „Israel were commanded concerning the Sabbath at Marah, one of the early stops in the desert before the Sinai *Revelation (Ex. 15:25). The *manna provided by God in the desert was collected only six days each week. On the sixth day, a double portion was gathered, because the manna did not fall on Sabbath. The Bible speaks of the Sabbath as an „eternal sign,” from which it understood that the Jewish people will always observe it.

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF JEWISH LIFE AND THOUGHT, „SABBATH”

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